The elections for the 10 specialized working commissions of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council gave substantial representation to bishops from the United States and Canada.
Under regulations announced by Pope John XXIII in September, each of the 10 commissions is composed of a president appointed by the Pope, 16 members elected by the Fathers of the council, and eight other members named by the Pope.
The first balloting results were announced at the third general congregation of the council Fathers, four days after the voting took place. It was announced first that Pope John had dispensed Article 39 of the council regulations, thus eliminating the requirement of an absolute majority to win a place on one of the commissions.
This was done, it was explained, for the purpose of proceeding without delay to the work of the council. The first 16 council Fathers with the greatest number of votes in the tabulations for the individual commissions were therefore considered elected. This precluded the need for a long series of run-off elections.
Archbishop Pericle Felici, secretary general of the council, read the names of the Fathers elected to seven of the 10 commissions, stating that the balloting for the three remaining commissions had not then been finally tabulated. Also revealed to the council were the names of the eight additional members appointed by Pope John to the Commission for the Sacred Liturgy. The liturgy is the council’s first topic for deliberation.
The names of the men elected to the other three commissions were made public two days later (Oct. 22), when the council Fathers gathered for their fourth general meeting. The 10 commissions are all headed by cardinals of the Vatican. The Americans and Canadians elected to the commissions in the order of the number of votes cast for them are:
The Commission on the Sacred Liturgy — Archbishop Paul J. Hallinan of Atlanta and Bishop Albertus Martin of Nicolet, Que.
Doctrinal Commission for Faith and Morals — Paul Emile Cardinal Leger, Archbishop of Montreal; Archbishop Maurice Roy of Quebec; Archbishop John F. Dearden of Detroit; Bishop John J. Wright of Pittsburgh, and Auxiliary Bishop James H. Griffiths of New York. Also elected to the same commission was Canal Zone-born Auxiliary Bishop Mark McGrath of Panama.
Commission for the Oriental Churches — Ukrainian Rite Archbishop Ambrose Senyshyn of Philadelphia and Bishop Bryan J. McEntegart of Brooklyn.
Commission for the Missions — Auxiliary Bishop Fulton J. Sheen of New York.
Commission for the Lay Apostolate, the Press and Entertainment — Archbishop William E. Cousins of Milwaukee and Archbishop Martin J. O’Connor, rector of the North American College, Rome.
Commission for Bishops and Government of Dioceses — James Francis Cardinal McIntyre, Archbishop of Los Angeles; Archbishop Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati, and Archbishop Marie Joseph Lemieux of Ottawa.
Commission for Discipline of the Clergy and the Christian People — Joseph Cardinal Ritter, Archbishop of St. Louis; Archbishop Lawrence J. Shehan of Baltimore, and Coadjutor Archbishop Philip F. Pocock of Toronto.
Commission for Discipline of the Sacraments — Archbishop Joseph T. McGucken of San Francisco, Auxiliary Bishop Valerian Belanger of Montreal, and Bishop Francis F. Reh of Charleston.
Commission for the Religious — Archbishop George Flahiff of Winnipeg, Bishop Edward C. Daly, O.P., of Des Moines, and Bishop Joseph McShea of Allentown.
Commission on Seminaries, Studies and Catholic Schools — Archbishop Patrick A. O’Boyle of Washington, Coadjutor Archbishop John P. Cody of New Orleans, and Bishop Marius Pare of Chicoutimi, Que.
All the Council Fathers were required to fill out their 160 choices in script. The very number of names to be given — with their titles and diocese of origin — was formidable.
But it was especially difficult for some of the council Fathers of the Eastern Rites who ordinarily do not use the Roman alphabet.
In many cases the seminarians tallying the vote found ballots to be illegible. When the tabulators and the official examiners all found it impossible to decipher a name, the choice was voided.
Here is the list of the 160 elected members of the 10 working commissions of the ecumenical council, together with the eight members of the liturgical commission named by Pope John XXIII:
Commission on the Sacred Liturgy (Arcadio Cardinal Larraona, C.M.F., president) — Bishop Franz Zauner of Linz, Austria; Bishop Carlo Rossi of Biella, Italy; Bishop Karel Justien Calewaert of Ghent, Belgium; Auxiliary Bishop Henri Jenny of Cambrai, France; Bishop Otto Spuelbeck of Meissen, East Germany; Archbishop Francis J. Grimshaw of Birmingham, England; Archbishop Paul J. Hallinan of Atlanta.
Also Bishop Guillaume van Bekkum, S.V.D., of Ruteng, Indonesia; Auxiliary Bishop Joseph Malula of Leopoldville, the Congo; Giacomo Cardinal Lercaro, Archbishop of Bologna, Italy; Bishop Alfred Pichler of Banjaluka, Yugoslavia; Bishop Enrique Rau of Mar del Plata, Argentina; Bishop Franciszek Jop, Opole, Poland; Bishop Jesus Enciso Viana of Majorca; Bishop Joseph Albertus Martin of Nicolet, Que.; and Bishop Cesario D’Amato, O.S.B., Abbot Nullius of St. Paul’s-Outside-the-Walls, Rome.
The following were appointed to the liturgical commission by the Pope:
Paolo Cardinal Giobbe, Andre Cardinal Jullien and Anselmo Cardinal Albareda, O.S.B., all of the Vatican administrative staff; Bishop Willem M. Bekkers of ‘s-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands; Coadjutor Bishop Bernardo Fey Schneider of Potosi, Bolivia; Bishop Ramon Masnou Boixeda of Vich, Spain; Father Pietro Schweiger, C.M.F., superior general of the Claretians, and Abbot Jean Prou, O.S.B., of Solesmes, superior general of the Benedictine Congregation of France.
Doctrinal Commission for Faith and Morals (Alfredo Cardinal Ottaviani, president) — Bishop Joseph Schroeffer of Eichstaett, Germany; Archbishop Gabriel Garrone of Toulouse, France; Franziskus Cardinal Koenig, Archbishop of Vienna; Archbishop Alfredo Scherer of Porto Alegre, Brazil; Bishop Jan van Dodewaard of Haarlem, the Netherlands; Paul Emile Cardinal Leger, Archbishop of Montreal; Archbishop Ermenegildo Florit of Florence, Italy;
Also Archbishop John F. Dearden of Detroit; Bishop Andre Charue of Namur, Belgium; Bishop John J. Wright of Pittsburgh; Auxiliary Bishop Mark C. McGrath, C.S.C., of Panama; Auxiliary Bishop James H. Griffiths of New York; Archbishop Maurice Roy of Quebec; Rufino Cardinal Santos, Archbishop of Manila; Archbishop Franjo Seper of Zagreb, Yugoslavia, and Archbishop Giovanni Peruzzo, Bishop of Agrigento, Italy.
Commission for the Oriental Churches (Amleto Cardinal Cicognani, president) — Ukrainian Rite Archbishop Ambrose Senyshyn of Philadelphia; Bishop Guiseppe Perniciaro, Ordaining Bishop of the Italo-Albanian Rite Catholics of Sicily; Abbot Johann Hoeck, O.S.B., of Scheyern Abbey, Pfaffenhofen, Germany, president of the Benedictine Congregation of Bavaria; Archbishop Antoni Baraniak of Poznan, Poland; Melkite Rite Patriarch Maximos IV Saigh of Antioch; Coadjutor Archbishop Gabriel Bukatko of Belgrade, Yugoslavia; Syro-Malabarese Rite Archbishop Joseph Parecattil of Ernakulam, India; Archbishop Neophite Edelby of the titular Archdiocese of Edessa in Osrhoene for the Melkites.
Also, Archimandrite Teodoro Minisci, Abbot Nullius of the Basilian monastery of Grottaferrata in Rome and superior general of the Italian Congregation of Basilian monks; Archbishop Manuel da Silveira d’Elboux of Curitiba, Brazil; Archbishop Ivan Bucko, Apostolic Visitor for Byzantine Rite Ukrainians in Western Europe; Bishop Andrea Sapelak, Apostolic Visitor for Byzantine Rite Ukrainians in Argentina; Fernando Cardinal Quiroga y Palacios, Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, Spain; Malankara Rite Archbishop Gregorios Thangalathil of Trivandrum, India; Bishop Bryan J. McEntegart of Brooklyn, and Bishop Martien Jansen of Rotterdam.
The following were elected to the Commission for the Missions (Gregorio Pietro Cardinal Agagianian, president) — Laurean Cardinal Rugambwa, Bishop of Bukoba, Tanganyika; Coadjutor Bishop Guy Riobe of Orleans, France; Auxiliary Bishop Fulton J. Sheen of New York, U.S. national director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith; Archbishop Jean Baptiste Zoa of Yaounde, Cameroun; Archbishop Aurelio Signora, prelate nullius of Pompei, Italy; Bishop Alfonso Escalante, superior general of the Guadalupe Institute of the Foreign Missions of Mexico;
Also Thomas Cardinal Tien, S.V.D., exiled Archbishop of Peking, China, and Apostolic Administrator of the Archdiocese of Taipeh, Formosa; Archbishop Maurice Perrin of Carthage, Tunisia; Bishop Alfonso Ungarelli, prelate nullius of Pinheiro, Brazil; Archbishop Gaetano Pollio of Otranto, Italy; Archbishop Mariano Rossell of Gautemala, Guatemala; Coadjutor Bishop Juan Sison of Nueva Segovia, Philippines; Archbishop Pius Kerketta, S.J., of Ranchi, India; Bishop Jose Lecuona Labandibar, superior general of the Spanish Institute of the Foreign Missions; Archbishop Luciano Perez of Burgos, Spain, and Bishop Oscar Sevrin, S.J., retired Bishop of Raigarh-Ambikapur, India.
The following were elected to the Commission for the Lay Apostolate, the Press and Entertainment (Fernando Cardinal Cento, president) — Bishop Franz Hengsbach of Essen, Germany; Bishop Jacques Menager of Meaux, France; Auxiliary Bishop Jose Armando Gutierrez Granier of La Paz, Bolivia; Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, Archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw; Bishop Angel Herrera of Malaga, Spain; Bishop Stefan Laszlo of Eisenstadt, Austria; Archbishop Evasio Colli, Bishop of Parma, Italy; Archbishop William E. Cousins of Milwaukee; Bishop John E. Petit of Menevia, Wales;
Also, Archbishop Martin J. O’Connor, rector of the North American College, Rome; Bishop Manuel Larrain of Talta, Chile; Bishop Gerhardt H. de Vet of Breda, the Netherlands; Bishop Eugenio de Araujo Sales, Apostolic Administrator of the Archdiocese of Natal, Brazil;
Bishop Joseph Blomjous, W.F., of Mwanza, Tanganyika; exiled Archbishop Paul Yu Pin of Nanking, China; and Raul Cardinal Silva Henriquez, S.D.B., Archbishop of Santiago, Chile.
The following were elected to the Commission for Bishops and the Government of Dioceses (Paolo Cardinal Marella, president) — Archbishop Emile Guerry of Cambrai, France; Archbishop Hermann Schaufele of Freiburg, Germany; Bishop Michael Browne of Galway, Ireland; Coadjutor Archbishop Pierre Veuillot of Paris; Bishop George P. Dwyer of Leeds, England; James Francis Cardinal McIntyre, Archbishop of Los Angeles; Archbishop Miguel Dario Miranda y Gomez of Mexico City;
Also, Archbishop Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati; Archbishop Marie-Joseph Lemieux, O.P., of Ottawa; Archbishop Alberto Castelli, secretary of the Italian Bishops’ Conference; Bishop Giuseppe Piazzi of Bergamo, Italy; Bishop Raul Primatesta of San Rafael, Argentina; Bishop Giuseppe Gargitter of Bressanone, Italy; Bishop Pablo Correa Leon of Cucuta, Colombia; Archbishop Louis Mathias, S.D.B., of Madras and Mylapore, India; and Jose Cardinal Bueno y Monreal, Archbishop of Seville, Spain.
The following were elected to the Commission for the Discipline of the Clergy and Christian People (Pietro Cardinal Ciriaci, president) — Bishop Henri Mazerat of Angers, France; Archbishop Alfred Bengsch, Bishop of Berlin; Bishop Heinrich Janssen of Hildesheim, Germany; Bishop Miguel Raspanti of Moron, Argentina; Bishop Leo Lommel of Luxembourg; Joseph Cardinal Ritter, Archbishop of St. Louis; Coadjutor Archbishop Philip F. Pocock of Toronto; Archbishop Lawrence J. Shehan of Baltimore;
Also, Bishop Luis Baccino of San Jose de Mayo, Uruguay; Bishop Guillaume Van Zuylen of Liege, Belgium; Archbishop Enrico Nicodemo of Bari, Italy; Archbishop Agnelo Rossi of Ribeirao Preto, Brazil; Bishop Vicente Enrique y Tarancon of Solsona, Spain; Archbishop Francois Marty of Rheims, France; Archbishop Manuel Trindade Salgueiro of Evora, Portugal; and Archbishop Norberta Perini of Fermo, Italy.
The following were elected to the Commission for Discipline of the Sacraments (Benedetto Cardinal Aloisi Masella, president) — Archbishop Jose Garcia of Valladolid, Spain; Archbishop Josef Schneider of Bamberg, Germany; Archbishop Joseph T. McGucken of San Francisco; Bishop Franz von Strang of Basel and Lugano, Switzerland; Archbishop Armando Fares of Catanzaro, Italy; Auxiliary Bishop Valerian Belanger of Montreal; Coadjutor Archbishop Antonio Alves de Siqueira of Sao Paulo, Brazil;
Also, Bishop Crispulo Benitez Fonturvel of Barquisimeto, Venezuela; Bishop Jean Van Cauwelaert, C.I.C.M., of Inongo, the Congo; Bishop Alexandre Renard of Versailles, France; Coadjutor Bishop Anibal Maricevich Fleitas of Villarrica, Paraguay; Bishop Pierre Puech of Carcassonne, France; Bishop Francis F. Reh of Charleston; Bishop Luke K. Arai of Yokohama, Japan; Auxiliary Bishop Thomas W. Muldoon of Sydney, Australia; and Archbishop Marc Lallier of Marseilles, France.
The following were elected to the Commission for Religious (Valerio Cardinal Valeri, president) — Bishop Gerard Huyghe of Arras, France; Bishop Karl Leiprecht of Rottenburg, Germany; Bishop Arturo Tabera Araoz of Albacete, Spain; Bishop Girolamo Bortignon, O.F.M. Cap., of Padua, Italy; Juan Cardinal Landazuri Ricketts, O.F.M., Archbishop of Lima, Peru; Bishop George Beck, A.A., of Salford, England; Abbot Benedict Reetz, O.S.B., of Beuron, Germany, president of the Benedictine Congregation of Beuron; Bishop Bernardino Echeverria Ruiz, O.F.M., of Ambato, Ecuador;
Also, Archbishop George Flahiff, C.S.B., of Winnipeg; Bishop Edward C. Daly, O.P., of Des Moines; Bishop Benedict Tomizawa of Sapporo, Japan; Archbishop Joseph Urtasun of Avignon, France; Father Agostino Sepinski, O.F.M., superior general of the Franciscan Friars Minor; Bishop Thomas V. Cahill of Cairns, Australia; Bishop Joseph McShea of Allentown, Pa.; and Archbishop Paolo Botto of Cagliari, Italy.
Commission for Seminaries, Studies and Catholic Schools (Giuseppe Cardinal Pizzardo, president) — Archbishop Patrick A. O’Boyle of Washington; Archbishop Alfredo Silva of Concepcion, Chile; Archbishop Marcelino Olaechea, S.D.B., of Valencia, Spain; Bishop Joseph Hoeffner of Muenster, Germany; Bishop Jules Daem of Antwerp, Belgium; Bishop Michael Klepacz of Lodz, Poland; Bishop John C. Cody of London, Ont.; Auxiliary Bishop Giovanni Colombo of Milan, Italy; Bishop Ramon Bogarin of San Juan de las Misiones, Paraguay;
Also, Archbishop Denis E. Hurley, O.M.I., of Durban, South Africa; Bishop Antoine Cazaux of Lucon, France; Archbishop Emile Blanchet, rector of the Catholic Institute of Paris; Archbishop Octaviano Marquez Toriz of Puebla, Mexico; Auxiliary Bishop Vicente Marchetti Zioni of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Archbishop Arrigo Pintonello, Military Ordinary for Italy; and Bishop Marius Pare of Chicoutimi, Que.